Islamic traditions & lifestyle of the Muslim community. All you need to know about the Five Pillars of Islam. The most important Muslim practices are the Five Pillars of Islam. They are the five obligations that every Muslim must satisfy in order to live a good and responsible life. The Five Pillars consist of Shahadah (the Muslim profession of faith), Salat (praying five times each day), Zakat (form of alms-giving and religious tax), Sawm (fasting during the month of Ramadan) and Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca).